This is a report for Social Studies and The Reading Workshop. We are to identify an important person we have been studying and also identify what river civilization they belonged to. We have to explain what impact they had of their civilization. I chose to do Hatshepsut, the first female pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
The Nile Civilization is located along the Nile River in northeast Africa. This area was in the Sahara Desert, so this region was very dry. There were two parts of Ancient Egypt: Upper and Lower Egypt.
Hatshepsut was the fifth Pharaoh of this civilization, but the first female. She is most often recognized as one of the most successful Pharaohs, ruling longer than any other woman of the Ancient Egyptian dynasty. Hatshepsut became the pharaoh of Egypt after the death of her husband (Thutmose II). She convinced the people of Egypt that her stepson Tutmosis was too young (at least 5) to rule and could not handle the important and big decisions. They ruled together for a several years until she proclaimed herself Pharaoh while her stepson was away from Egypt.
Hatshepsut established the trade networks that had been disrupted during the Hyksos occupation of Egypt and gave a whole new meaning to the word “trade”. She looked over the preparations and funding for a mission to Punt. This was a land rich in products Egyptians needed, such as spices, gold, ebony, and ivory. 5 boats were used to carry the goods. The expedition lasted for about 2 years.
Hatshepsut died 9 months into her 22nd year as Pharaoh. No mention of the cause of her death has survived, but archaeologists think that she died of blood infection while she was in her fifties and that she had arthritis, bad teeth, and probably diabetes.